Click on descriptions to learn where you can find a copy of each book.
Don't see your work? Please reach out to Mary Holt, Digital Projects Manager by sending a message to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Kami Fletcher and Ashley Towle PhD
Grave sites not only offer the contemporary viewer the physical markers of those remembered but also a wealth of information about the era in which the cemeteries were created. These markers hold keys to our historical past and allow an entry point of interrogation about who is represented, as well as how and why.
Grave History is the first volume to use Southern cemeteries to interrogate and analyze Southern society and the construction of racial and gendered hierarchies from the antebellum period through the dismantling of Jim Crow. Through an analysis of cemeteries throughout the South—including Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Maryland, Missouri, and Virginia, from the nineteenth through twenty-first centuries—this volume demonstrates the importance of using the cemetery as an analytical tool for examining power relations, community formation, and historical memory.
Grave History draws together an interdisciplinary group of scholars, including historians, anthropologists, archaeologists, and social-justice activists to investigate the history of racial segregation in southern cemeteries and what it can tell us about how ideas regarding race, class, and gender were informed and reinforced in these sacred spaces.
Each chapter is followed by a learning activity that offers readers an opportunity to do the work of a historian and apply the insights gleaned from this book to their own analysis of cemeteries. These activities, designed for both the teacher and the student, as well as the seasoned and the novice cemetery enthusiast, encourage readers to examine cemeteries for their physical organization, iconography, sociodemographic landscape, and identity politics.
Danger in Police Culture: Perspectives from South Africa offers a fresh perspective on how officers understand, interpret and construct danger. With unique insight from working with uniformed and detective police, the author breaks new ground as the first researcher to work alongside a Tactical Response Team in South Africa.
Through ethnographic research in South Africa, Perkins explores the lived experiences of police navigating danger and death. Reframing the question of what makes policing dangerous, the author employs a theoretical framework as a prism, illuminating ambiguous ideas shaping perceptions of danger in police culture. A vivid portrayal of how danger is materialized through risk reduction strategies and artefacts, dramatized through memorialization and normalized in daily police practices, Perkins concludes by reflecting on policy developments aimed at addressing the understanding and influence of danger in contemporary policing.
Underscoring the need to reconsider the concept of danger in policing, this is a much-needed assessment of its understanding and impact on contemporary police work.
In support of the Perkins Síochána Scholarship, the author’s proceeds from the sale of this book will be used to fund the continuing development of South African graduate students in Criminal Justice and Criminology studies in the Global South.
Clif Travers MFA
The Stones of Riverton is a collection of linked short stories and novelettes inspired by the gravestones in a small Maine town. The stories are bound together by place and ancestry spanning over 200 hundred years. They un-bury an often shameful history of unexplained deaths and deeply held secrets in a town that is divided both economically and culturally. While fictional, the stories are grounded in the lore, rumors, and fables that were told to the author by parents, grandparents, and local storytellers.
Lasell Jaretzki Bartlett MSW
Spending time with horses can both amplify empathy and activate trauma responses, touching core human emotions. Interactions with them offer both opportunities and challenges to be better communicators. In Getting Along with Rusty, Lasell Jaretzki Bartlett shares her experiences as a human being, a trauma resolution practitioner, a therapeutic riding instructor, and a lover of horses. She weaves a compelling story tracing her healing journey and how a most unexpected partner—her horse, Rusty—taught her about connection and safety on the deepest of levels.
Getting Along with Rusty is an intimate, informative memoir. Readers are called to recognize the horse-human connections that are possible when self-awareness, personal growth, and hope become the foundation for improving our relationships.
Joseph Arel PhD and Gregory Kirk PhD
Exploring Aristotle's concept of logos, this volume advances our understanding of it as a singular feature of human nature by arguing that it is the organizing principle of human life itself.
Tracing its multiple meanings in different contexts, including reason, logic, speech, ratio, account, and form, contributors highlight the ways in which we can see logos in human thinking, in the organizing principles of our bodies, in our perception of the world, in our social and political life, and through our productive and fine arts. Through this focus, logos reveals itself not as one feature amongst others, but instead as the feature that organizes all others, from the most “animal” to the most “spiritual.” By presenting logos in this way, readers gain a complex account of the philosophy of human nature.
Seth Rogoff PhD
Sy Kirschbaum, renowned for his translations of major European writers like Jan Horak and Anton Grassfeld, has arrived at the college to teach a course called Introduction to Literature. He’s come from the Czech countryside, where he’d been undergoing treatment by Dr. L. Hruška for a psychological breakdown connected to the seventeen-year-long process of finishing Horak’s epic novel of Cold War dissent. Standing before a group of disoriented but enthralled students, facing down an increasingly tyrannical dean, Kirschbaum embarks on a twelve-week journey into his past and toward the heart of his literary life, 1990s Berlin, where art and dreams surged with the raw energy of utopian aspirations. Sy’s lectures cross treacherous narrative terrain and spiral toward the shocking revelation of an unhealed wound, from which literature itself, in its infinity of interwoven forms, seems to pulsate.
Defines the NAPT in a way not previously identified as a unit of geographical analysis
Analyzes the current state of knowledge about changes within the NAPT
Proposes trajectories of change in other complex but less well-documented earth systems
Part of the book series: Springer Polar Sciences
Laurie Lico Albanese MFA
WHO IS THE REAL HESTER PRYNNE? Isobel Gamble is a young seamstress carrying generations of secrets when she sets sail from Scotland in the early 1800s with her husband, Edward. An apothecary who has fallen under the spell of opium, his pile of debts have forced them to flee Glasgow for a fresh start in the New World. But only days after they've arrived in Salem, Edward abruptly joins a departing ship as a medic––leaving Isobel penniless and alone in a strange country, forced to make her way by any means possible. When she meets a young Nathaniel Hawthorne, the two are instantly drawn to each other: he is a man haunted by his ancestors, who sent innocent women to the gallows––while she is an unusually gifted needleworker, troubled by her own strange talents. As the weeks pass and Edward's safe return grows increasingly unlikely, Nathaniel and Isobel grow closer and closer. Together, they are a muse and a dark storyteller; the enchanter and the enchanted. But which is which? In this sensuous and hypnotizing tale, a young immigrant woman grapples with our country's complicated past, and learns that America's ideas of freedom and liberty often fall short of their promise. Interwoven with Isobel and Nathaniel's story is a vivid interrogation of who gets to be a "real" American in the first half of the 19th century, a depiction of the early days of the Underground Railroad in New England, and atmospheric interstitials that capture the long history of "unusual" women being accused of witchcraft. Meticulously researched yet evocatively imagined, Laurie Lico Albanese's Hester is a timeless tale of art, ambition, and desire that examines the roots of female creative power and the men who try to shut it down.
Richard J. Maiman
A biography of Frank M. Coffin, who was an important figure in Maine politics and served for 41 years as a judge on the United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit. The author, political scientist Richard J. Maiman, provides a detailed study of Coffin’s political career, drawing extensively on materials dealing with Maine politics, Congress, foreign aid, and the Kennedy and Johnson administrations. He also makes liberal use of the burgeoning literature on federal court processes to help illuminate Coffin's judicial work.
EDITED BY JOSEPH M. VALENZANO III - CONTRIBUTIONS BY LINDSEY ANDERSON; LORI BLEWETT; LINDA CAROZZA; KATE CHALLIS; MAUREEN EBBEN; ALI GARIB; STEVE GENNARO; CYNDI GROBMEIER; KATHERINE HAMPSTEN; ASHLEY A. HANNA EDWARDS; ELIZABETH HELMICK; AMANDA HILL; ANNE KRETSINGER- HARRIES; BRITTANY N. LASH; AMANDA LOHISER; MELISSA A. LUCAS; RAPHAEL MAZZONE; MATT MCGARRITY; ANGELA M. MCGOWAN-KIRSCH; BRAD MELLO; SCOTT A. MYERS; JOHN J. RIEF; SHARON STORCH; CASEY M. STRATTON AND JOSEPH M. VALENZANO III
Post-Pandemic Pedagogy: A Paradigm Shift discusses how the COVID-19 pandemic radically altered teaching and learning for faculty and students alike. The increased prevalence of video-conferencing software for conducting classes fundamentally changed the way in which we teach and seemingly upended many best practices for good pedagogy in the college classroom. Whether it was the reflection over surveillance software, or the increased mental health demands of the pandemic on teachers and students, or the completely reshaped ways in which classes and co-curricular experiences were delivered, the pandemic year represented an opportunity for one of the largest shifts in our understanding of good pedagogy unlike any experienced in the modern era. This edited collection explores what we thought we knew about a variety of teaching ideas, how the pandemic changed our approach to them, and proposes ways in which some of the adjustments made to accommodate the pandemic will remain for years to come. Scholars of communication, pedagogy, and education will find this book particularly interesting.
Michael G. Hillard PhD
From the early twentieth century until the 1960s, Maine led the nation in paper production. The state could have earned a reputation as the Detroit of paper production, however, the industry eventually slid toward failure. What happened? Shredding Paper unwraps the changing US political economy since 1960, uncovers how the paper industry defined and interacted with labor relations, and peels away the layers of history that encompassed the rise and fall of Maine's mighty paper industry.
Michael G. Hillard deconstructs the paper industry's unusual technological and economic histories. For a century, the story of the nation's most widely read glossy magazines and card stock was one of capitalism, work, accommodation, and struggle. Local paper companies in Maine dominated the political landscape, controlling economic, workplace, land use, and water use policies. Hillard examines the many contributing factors surrounding how Maine became a paper powerhouse and then shows how it lost that position to changing times and foreign interests.
Through a retelling of labor relations and worker experiences from the late nineteenth century up until the late 1990s, Hillard highlights how national conglomerates began absorbing family-owned companies over time, which were subject to Wall Street demands for greater short-term profits after 1980. This new political economy impacted the economy of the entire state and destroyed Maine's once-vaunted paper industry. Shredding Paper truthfully and transparently tells the great and grim story of blue-collar workers and their families and analyzes how paper workers formulated a "folk" version of capitalism's history in their industry. Ultimately, Hillard offers a telling example of the demise of big industry in the United States.
You can listen to interviews conducted by Dr. Hilliard about the history of Maine's paper industry by visiting Stories of Maine's Paper Plantation.
Carol Fackler DNSc, RN
Chapter from The Many Roles of the Registered Nurse, ed. Debra Gillespie.
More about this book:
Nurses are the largest population of healthcare providers practicing in both urban and remote areas across the globe. Currently, the nursing profession is in the midst of a significant shortage as aging baby boomers retire and a nursing faculty shortage forces many colleges and universities to turn away qualified applicants. As healthcare needs of the population become more complex and technologies advance, our world needs nurses now more than at any other time in history. This book provides the reader with a wide overview of the many vast roles within the nursing profession, showing that the responsibilities are complex, challenging and rewarding. It will allow the reader to understand the current job market for nurses and perhaps even persuade some to choose this rewarding profession.
Joseph Arel PhD
In the context of contemporary capitalist societies, this book provides philosophical reflections on new forms of domination, vulnerability and alienation in the social relations associated with work. Following Hannah Arendt, who viewed work as a world-building activity, the volume addresses issues pertaining to the crisis of work and loneliness as a political problem of exclusion and meaninglessness.
Robert B. Louden PhD
Chapter in Women and Philosophy in Eighteenth-Century Germany, edited by Corey W. Dyck.
BOOK DESCIPTION: Women and Philosophy in Eighteenth-Century Germany showcases the vibrant and diverse contributions on the part of women in eighteenth-century Germany and explores their under-appreciated influence upon philosophical debate in Germany in this period. Among the women profiled in this volume are Sophie of Hanover, Dorothea Christiane Erxleben, Johanna Charlotte Unzer, Wilhelmina of Bayreuth, Amalia Holst, Henriette Herz, Elise Reimarus, and Maria von Herbert. Their contributions span the range of philosophical topics in metaphysics, logic, and aesthetics, to moral and political philosophy, and pertain to the main philosophical movements in the period. They engage controversial issues of the day, such as atheism and materialism, but also women's struggle for access to education and for recognition of their civic entitlements, and they display a range of strategies for intellectual engagement in doing so. This collection vigorously contests the presumption that the history of German philosophy in the eighteenth century can be told without attending to the important roles that women played in the signature debates of the period.
Robert B. Louden PhD
Chapter in The Philosophy of (Im)politeness, ed. Chaoqun Xie.
BOOK DESCRIPTION: Covers the social, normative, emotional, and moral dimensions of (im)politeness from a philosophical perspective Contributes to current hot topics and key issues within (im)politeness studies Advances human understanding of (im)politeness as essential to sociality, interaction, and existence
CHAPTER DESCRIPTION: During the Enlightenment a wide variety of views about both the value and disvalue of politeness were defended. At one end of the spectrum were authors such as Shaftesbury and Addison, who uniformly praised politeness for its positive contributions to communication and cultural progress. At the other end were theorists such as Rousseau and Montesquieu, both of whom were deeply critical of politeness. In this essay I focus on Kant’s views about politeness, examining and evaluating his arguments both for and against it. Although Kant’s position on politeness lies somewhere in the middle of the spectrum of Enlightenment views about progress, ultimately he sees more value than disvalue in it. There is something in politeness that “inspires love.”
Robert B. Louden PhD
Kant's anthropological works represent a very different side of his philosophy, one that stands in sharp contrast to the critical philosophy of the three Critiques. For the most part, Kantian anthropology is an empirical, popular, and, above all, pragmatic enterprise. After tracing its origins both within his own writings and within Enlightenment culture, the Element turns next to an analysis of the structure and several key themes of Kantian anthropology, followed by a discussion of two longstanding contested features - viz., moral anthropology and transcendental anthropology. The Element concludes with a defense of the value and importance of Kantian anthropology, along with replies to a variety of criticisms that have been levelled at it over the years. Kantian anthropology, the author argues, is 'the eye of true philosophy'.
Robert B. Louden PhD
Chapter in Kant on Morality, Humanity, and Legality: Practical Dimensions of Normativity. Ed. Ansgar Lyssy Christopher Yeomans
CHAPTER DESCRIPTION: According to official Kantian doctrine, genuine moral norms are “pure” or a priori—viz., nonempirical, and marked by “necessity and strict universality.” And Kant interprets “strict universality” to mean that such norms apply not merely to all human beings but to “all rational beings in general.” But Louden draws attention to a second kind of norm in Kant’s philosophy—“humans-only norms.” These norms are impure, a posteriori, and empirical. After giving several examples of humans-only norms found in Kant’s own writings, Louden attempt to show both that some of these norms are genuine moral norms (even though they are not pure), and that they play a necessary and important role in Kant’s ethical theory. Louden concludes with some (not-quite-strictly Kantian) arguments in favor of a humans-only morality.
BOOK DESCRIPTION: Explores the different conceptions of humanity, morality and legality in Kant as main ‘manifestations’ or ‘dimensions’ of normativity Maps out the conceptual geography in which the concept of normativity is articulated and evaluated Written for scholars and students working on Kant, as well as ethics, value theory and legal theory
Johann Bernhard Basedow and the Transformation of Modern Education Educational Reform in the German Enlightenment
Robert B. Louden PhD
Best known for the progressive school he founded in Dessau during the 18th century, Johann Bernhard Basedow was a central thinker in the German Enlightenment. Since his death in 1790 a substantial body of German-language literature about his life, work, and school (the Philanthropin) has developed. In the first English intellectual biography of this influential figure, Robert B. Louden answers questions that continue to surround Basedow and provides a much-needed examination of Basedow's intellectual legacy.
Assessing the impact of his ideas and theories on subsequent educational movements, Louden argues that Basedow is the unacknowledged father of the progressive education movement. He unravels several paradoxes surrounding the Philanthropin to help understand why it was described by Immanuel Kant as “the greatest phenomenon which has appeared in this century for the perfection of humanity”, despite its brief and stormy existence, its low enrollment and insufficient funding.
Among the many neglected stories Louden tells is the enormous and unacknowledged debt that Kant owes to Basedow in his philosophy of education, history, and religion. This is a positive reassessment of Basedow and his difficult personality that leads to a reevaluation of the originality of major figures as well as a reconsideration of the significance of allegedly minor authors who have been eclipsed by the politics of historiography. For anyone looking to gain a deeper understanding of the history of German philosophy, Louden's book is essential reading.
Robert B. Louden PhD
Chapter in The Cambridge Kant Lexicon.
BOOK DESCRIPTION: Immanuel Kant is widely recognized as one of the most important Western philosophers since Aristotle. His thought has had, and continues to have, a profound effect on every branch of philosophy, including ethics, metaphysics, epistemology, aesthetics, political philosophy, and philosophy of religion. This Lexicon contains detailed and original entries by 130 leading Kant scholars, covering Kant's most important concepts as well as each of his writings. Part I covers Kant's notoriously difficult philosophical concepts, providing entries on these individual 'trees' of Kant's philosophical system. Part II, by contrast, provides an overview of the 'forest' of Kant's philosophy, with entries on each of his published works and on each of his sets of lectures and personal reflections. This part is arranged chronologically, revealing not only the broad sweep of Kant's thought but also its development over time. Professors, graduate students, and undergraduates will value this landmark volume.
Robert B. Louden PhD
Entry in The Encyclopedia of Philosophy of Religion.
BOOK DESCRIPTION: An unprecedented multi-volume reference work on philosophy of religion, providing authoritative coverage of all significant concepts, figures, and movements Unmatched in scope and depth, The Encyclopedia of Philosophy of Religion provides readers with a well-balanced understanding of philosophical thought about the nature of Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, Islam, Judaism, and other religious traditions around the globe. Spanning across four comprehensive volumes, this groundbreaking resource contains hundreds of specially commissioned entries covering the key themes, thinkers, works, and ideas in the field. Organized alphabetically, the Encyclopedia addresses an unmatched range of both historical and contemporary topics which reflect a diversity of theoretical and cultural perspectives. The entries encompass an extraordinary range of topics, from Aquinas and Kierkegaard, to teleological and ontological arguments, to cognitive science and psychology of religion, and many more. Each peer-reviewed entry is written by an acknowledged expert on the topic and includes short bibliographies, suggestions for further reading, and extensive cross-references. Accessible to scholars and non-specialist readers alike, this invaluable reference work: Provides balanced coverage of Abrahamic religions as well as different traditions from Asia, Africa, and other geographic regions Presents more than 450 entries which have been carefully reviewed by an editorial advisory board of world-renowned scholars Explores topics in various historical contexts, such as Jewish and Islamic contributions to medieval philosophy Discusses recent developments and new approaches to the study of philosophy of religion Examines significant theories and concepts including free will, atonement, moral argument, natural law, process theology, evolutionary theory, and theism Offers a fully cross-referenced and searchable online edition
CHAPTER DESCRIPTION: In this entry “philosophical anthropology” is defined broadly as philosophical reflection about the nature of human beings (rather than narrowly as a particular school of thought within twentieth-century German philosophy), and the topic is treated historically. I begin by discussing several important historical roots of philosophical anthropology in ancient Greek and Renaissance thought. Special attention is then given to Enlightenment contributions – above all Kant, but also Hume, Herder, and others. Comte, Feuerbach, Marx, and Nietzsche are focal points in the section on nineteenth-century philosophical anthropology. In the section on twentieth-century contributions, primary attention is devoted to the triumvirate of German philosophical anthropology: Max Scheler, Helmuth Plessner, and Arnold Gehlen. In the concluding section, I respond to several popular arguments against philosophical anthropology and discuss its future prospects in light of current intellectual trends.
Robert B. Louden PhD
Written in German. Ed. Jean-Christophe Merle, Universität Vechta, Deutschland, und Carola Freiin von Villiez, Universität Bergen, Norwegen.
BOOK DESCRIPTION: Kant’s Doctrine of Right and his Doctrine of Virtue do not share only a common Introduction, but also methods of application and metaphors. Their relationship is more complex than suggested by the division into external and internal lawgiving. A close interpretation of of both writings brings out this complex relationship. This volume also assesses the contribution of these writings to the current debates in legal and moral philosophy.
Larissa Malone PhD
Chapter 7 in Family Engagement in Black Students’ Academic Success Achievement and Resistance in an American Suburban School, edited by Vilma Seeberg.
This timely volume presents powerful stories told by Black families and students who have successfully negotiated a racially fraught, affluent, and diverse suburban school district in America, to illustrate how they have strategically contested sanctioned racist practices and forged a path for students to achieve a high-quality education. Drawing on rich qualitative data collected through interviews and interactions with parents and kin, students, community activists, and educators, Family Engagement in Black Students’ Academic Success chronicles how pride in Black American family history and values, students’ personal capabilities, and their often collective, proactive challenges to systemic and personal racism shape students’ academic engagement. Familial and collective cultural wealth of the Black community emerges as a central driver in students’ successful achievement. Finally, the text puts forward key recommendations to demonstrate how incorporating the knowledge and voices of Black families in school decision making, remaining critically conscious of race and racial history in everyday actions and longer term policy, and pursuing collective strategies for social justice in education, will help eliminate current opportunity gaps, and will counteract the master narrative of underachievement ever-present in America. This volume will be of interest to students, scholars, and academics with an interest in matters of social justice, equity, and equality of opportunity in education for Black Americans. In addition, the text offers key insights for school authorities in building effective working relationships with Black American families to support the high achievement of Black students in K-12 education.
Robert M. Sanford PhD, William S. Plumley, and Michael Shaughnessy
River Voices: Perspectives on the Presumpscot is a celebration of a river, a vision of stewardship and caring, with chapter topics ranging from geology to Native American history to fighting for fish passage. Illustrated throughout with original and historical works of art, this book embodies the concept of managing a river through appreciation of all of its attributes and aspects. If you live in this watershed you will appreciate it. And if you live somewhere else, this is a model for caring for a river.
Maureen Ebben PhD and Julien Murphy PhD
Chapter from Privacy Concerns Surrounding Personal Information Sharing on Health and Fitness Mobile Apps, by Devjani Sen and Rukhsana Ahmed.
More about this chapter:
This chapter charts the language of privacy in published scholarship on mental health apps. What definition of privacy is assumed? What meanings of privacy are deployed in the research about mental health apps? Using a qualitative thematic approach, this analysis shows that privacy language can be understood as occurring in three phases: Phase 1: Discourse of Technological Possibility; Phase 2: Discourse of Privacy Challenges and Threats; and Phase 3: Discourse of Advocacy. The authors discuss each of these phases and propose a more critical discourse of privacy by identifying the issues inherent in understanding privacy as security.
Stephanie C. Edwards PhD
Book is Forthcoming: June 2020
Chapter from Healing and Peacebuilding after War: Transforming Trauma in Bosnia and Herzegovina, edited by Julianne Funk and Nancy Good.
About the book:
This book brings together multiple perspectives to examine the strengths and limitations of efforts to promote healing and peacebuilding after war, focusing on the aftermath of the traumatic armed conflict in Bosnia and Herzegovina,
This book begins with a simple premise: trauma that is not transformed is transferred. Drawing on multidisciplinary insights from academics, peace practitioners and trauma experts, this book examines the limitations of our current strategies for promoting healing and peacebuilding after war, while offering inroads into best practices to prevent future violence through psychosocial trauma recovery and the healing of memories. The contributions create a conversation which allows readers to critically rethink the deeper roots and mechanisms of trauma created by the war.
Collectively, the authors provide strategic recommendations to policymakers, peace practitioners, donors and international organizations engaged in work in Bosnia and Herzegovina— strategies that can be applied to other countries rebuilding after war.
This volume will be of much interest to students of conflict resolution, peacebuilding, social psychology, Balkan politics and International Relations in general.
Maureen Ebben PhD
Chapter 1 from Maintaining Social Well-Being and Meaningful Work in a Highly Automated Job Market, edited by Shalin Hai-Jew.
More about this chapter:
This chapter examines the nature of work where human labor is a complement to machines and considers its import for social well-being. While dominant portrayals about the effects of work automation are often characterized by discourses of fear and hype, these have limited utility. The chapter proposes moving beyond fear and hype to consider the ways in which automation alters the organization of work and the human role. It asserts that, although essential, the human role in automation is often obscured. Drawing on the concepts of “fauxtomation,” "heteromation," and human infrastructures, the chapter makes visible hidden forms of human labor in automated work and maintains that a positive strategy for social well-being is the recognition and revaluation of human work in automated processes.
Matthew H. Edney PhD and Mary Sponberg Pedley PhD
Since its launch in 1987, the History of Cartography series has garnered critical acclaim and sparked a new generation of interdisciplinary scholarship. Cartography in the European Enlightenment, the highly anticipated fourth volume, offers a comprehensive overview of the cartographic practices of Europeans, Russians, and the Ottomans, both at home and in overseas territories, from 1650 to 1800.
The social and intellectual changes that swept Enlightenment Europe also transformed many of its mapmaking practices. A new emphasis on geometric principles gave rise to improved tools for measuring and mapping the world, even as large-scale cartographic projects became possible under the aegis of powerful states. Yet older mapping practices persisted: Enlightenment cartography encompassed a wide variety of processes for making, circulating, and using maps of different types. The volume’s more than four hundred encyclopedic articles explore the era’s mapping, covering topics both detailed—such as geodetic surveying, thematic mapping, and map collecting—and broad, such as women and cartography, cartography and the economy, and the art and design of maps. Copious bibliographical references and nearly one thousand full-color illustrations complement the detailed entries.
David P. Pierson PhD
Book chapter from The Palgrave Handbook of Incarceration in Popular Media, edited by Marcus Harmes, Meredith Harmes, and Barbara Harmes.
More about this chapter:
This proposed chapter will conduct a sociocultural and close textual analysis of the following Black Mirror television episodes: “White Bear” (2/18/2013), “White Christmas” (12/16/2014), and “Black Museum” (12/29/2017) to examine their representations of speculative punishment, incarceration, and social and mental control. One guiding research question is whether these representations illustrate present-day issues and concerns in Western criminology and penal theory. Black Mirror (2011-present) is a British science fiction TV anthology series created by Charlie Brooker, which usually focuses on a range of fictional computer-human interface technologies along with their unintended human consequences. In “White Bear” state penal authorities erase the daily memories of a convicted woman in order that she can relive a nightmarish experience of being hunted down by a gang of masked hunters while bystanders act as passive voyeurs watching and recording everything around them. The bystanders turn out to be park visitors enjoying the violent spectacle of the convict’s routine punishment. In “White Christmas” (12/16/2014) a networked, interactive dating coach, who was responsible for a client’s death, is released by the police but is registered as a sex offender, which means that he will be visually and aurally blocked by everyone. He will appear as a red silhouette and will be unable to interact with anyone for the rest of his life. In this same episode, a murder suspect has his consciousness downloaded into a digital copy called a “Cookie,” which enables authorities to incarcerate him within a virtual creation of the crime scene (a snowbound cottage) and to sentence him to such severe, Draconian punishments as having him experience time at the rate of one thousand years per minute and having a Christmas song play on a continuous loop for the time period. The suspect gradually begins to lose his sanity. In “Black Museum,” a convicted murderer agrees to have his post-death consciousness downloaded into a Cookie only to find himself as a hologram in a museum display whereby he continues to experience the agony of the electric chair at the hands of visitors. This study argues that these near future representations are expressive of contemporary neoliberal governance and criminology, public shaming and humiliation, penal tourism, and criminal justice and punishment as entertainment. The episodes’ futuristic punishments exemplify the type of retributive justice that has come to characterize the neoliberal penal turn in criminal justice in the United States and in the United Kingdom over the past three decades. This new punitiveness includes mandatory imprisonment sentences, such as the “Three Strikes and You’re Out” law, and zero tolerance school policies to schemes that provide for public humiliation and shaming for those under sentence (e.g., chain gangs) or ex-prisoners (“I am a sex offender” home warning signs). Mike Nellis (2006) affirms that dystopian penal imagery in American science fiction films approximately corresponds with markedly more punitive penal practices for the past 30 years. Some of these films as well as focus on the use of panoptic surveillance and digital technologies for disciplinary control and as agents of confinement express cultural anxieties about the increased capacity of these technologies for social and mental control. The aforementioned Black Mirror episodes intersect with these and other relevant discourses as they serve to imagine a technological future characterized by new forms of governance and social management, spectatorship punishment and confinement.
Thinking Beyond “Languaging” in Translanguaging Pedagogies: Exploring Ways to Combat White Fragility in an Undergraduate Language Methodology Course
This chapter published in the book Language Learning in Anglophone Countries explores the sociopolitical implications of adopting multilingual pedagogies in teacher education. More specifically, the authors draw on data from a qualitative inquiry of how racism manifested and was addressed and ignored within an online undergraduate ESL methodology course for pre-service teachers (PSTs). Classwork from PSTs and interviews with PSTs revealed that race was an uncomfortable topic that PSTs rarely underscored despite the inextricable link between language and race. Using white fragility as a guiding framework, the authors highlight how the predominantly White PSTs understood and perceived the course’s coverage of race. Considering the limited coverage of race in the course, the PSTs’ confusion with key terminology, and patterns of defensive behaviors in response to discussions on race, the chapter closes with suggestions of how to raise racial awareness in an effort to better implement the instruction of multilingual pedagogies in language methodology courses.
Charles Bernacchio EdD, Josephine F. Wilson, and Jeewani Anupama Ginige
Chapter in Sustainable Community Health Systems and Practices in Diverse Settings, edited by Elias Mpofu.
In response to health access barriers, telehealth and telemedicine have grown as a supplemental healthcare delivery system to mainstream medical care. For rural and remote communities, which are mostly less well resourced, telehealth and telemedicine is increasingly a major system enabling health access and availability, bridging population health disparities by geography and socioeconomic gradients. People in low resources settings have less access to health care, while commuting for health services to the cities would be costly in terms of time, effort, and money, resulting in health inequities and social injustices on them. In this chapter, we examine the role of telehealth and telemedicine as health systems for providing sustainable community health in low resource settings. In doing so, we provide a historical overview of the research and practice in telehealth and telemedicine, followed by a discussion of current leading practices in telehealth and telemedicine. We consider the cultural and legal influences on telehealth and telemedicine services across jurisdictions highlighting responsiveness to local contexts and needs. Finally, we consider the issues for research and practice in telehealth and telemedicine, including security and privacy associated with telehealth; education for sustaining telehealth delivery; engaging high-risk populations from low-resource settings in telehealth services; and use of social networks to ensure telehealth care access for poor and remote regions.
Applying a trans-disciplinary approach, this book provides a comprehensive, research-based guide to understanding, implementing, and strengthening sustainable community health in diverse international settings. By examining the interdependence of environmental, economic, public health, community wellbeing, and development factors, the authors address the systemic factors impacting health disparities, inequality, and social justice issues.
The book analyzes strategies based on a partnership view of health, in which communities determine their health and wellness working alongside local, state, and federal health agencies. Crucially, it demonstrates that communities are themselves health systems and their wellbeing capabilities affect the health of individuals and the collective alike. It identifies health indicators and tools that communities and policy makers can utilize to sustain truly inclusive health systems. This book offers a unique resource for researchers and practitioners working across psychology, mental health, rehabilitation, public health, epidemiology, social policy, healthcare, and allied health.
Yishai Cohen PhD
Chapter description: The actualism/possibilism debate in ethics is about whether counterfactuals of freedom concerning what an agent would freely do if she were in certain circumstances even partly determine that agent’s obligations. This debate arose from an argument against the coherence of utilitarianism in the deontic logic literature. In this chapter, we first trace the historical origins of this debate and then examine actualism, possibilism, and securitism through the lens of consequentialism. After examining their respective benefits and drawbacks, we argue that, contrary to what has been assumed, actualism and securitism both succumb to the so-called nonratifiability problem. In making this argument, we develop this problem in detail and argue that it’s a much more serious problem than has been appreciated. We conclude by arguing that an alternative view, hybridism, is independently the most plausible position and best fits with the nature of consequentialism, partly in light of avoiding the nonratifiability problem.
Book description: ed. Douglas W. Portmore This handbook contains thirty-two previously unpublished contributions to consequentialist ethics by leading scholars, covering what’s happening in the field today as well as pointing to new directions for future research. Consequentialism is a rival to such moral theories as deontology, contractualism, and virtue ethics. But it’s more than just one rival among many, for every plausible moral theory must concede that the goodness of an act’s consequences is something that matters even if it’s not the only thing that matters. Thus, all plausible moral theories will accept both that the fact that an act would produce good consequences constitutes a moral reason to perform it and that the better that act’s consequences the greater the moral reason there is to perform it. Now, if this is correct, then much of the research concerning consequentialist ethics is important for ethics in general. For instance, one thing that consequentialist researchers have investigated is what sorts of consequences matter: the consequences that some act would have or the consequences that it could have—if, say, the agent were to follow up by performing some subsequent act. And it’s reasonable to suppose that the answer to such questions will be relevant for normative ethics regardless of whether the goodness of consequences is the only thing that matters (as consequentialists presume) or just one of many things that matter (as nonconsequentialists presume).
Carol Fackler DNSc, RN
Chapter 21 in Clinical Nurse Leader Certification Review, Third Edition, edited by Cynthia R. King PhD, MSN, NP, RN, CNL, FAAN; Sally Gerard DNP, RN, CDE, CNL; Carla Gene Rapp PhD, MNSc, RN.
The third edition of this gold standard for CNL certification review continues to provide healthcare facilities and clients with validation of the qualifications and knowledge of this advanced nursing generalist practice role. This certification review is a product of Dr. King's rigorous exam preparation course, which resulted in a 100% pass rate among students. This review serves as a helpful guide for faculty on how to design CNL review courses, and has been used to teach in CNL programs, as well as for students and nurses preparing to take the exam.
Following an introductory section examining the CNL role, how to make the best use of the review, and strategies for taking tests, this text is organized to reflect the latest exam content outline, mirroring the domains and subdomains of the exam. It provides detailed information on how to analyze and interpret exam questions, disseminates expert test-taking skills, and offers a detailed content review of everything you need to know for exam success. It delivers new information corresponding to the new Commission on Nurse Certification (CNC) outline, with updated chapters on healthcare advocacy and ethics, lateral integration, interprofessional skills, team coordination, and evidence-based practice.
New to the Third Edition:
- Reflects updates and revisions based on the most recent exam content outline
- Provides 200 new multiple-choice Q&As with rationale created from scratch
- Delivers 16 new unfolding case studies
- Offers new objectives, updated summaries, and innovative review activities to reinforce material in each chapter
- Explains how to analyze and interpret questions for exam success
- Promotes savvy test-taking skills
- Includes a comprehensive exam with answers and rationales
- Includes an expanded glossary and additional tables and figures
- Provides easy access to information with an appendix that cross-references questions to appropriate exam content topics
Julien Murphy PhD
Chapter from The Sartrean Mind, edited by Matthew C. Eshleman and Constance M. Lui.
More about this title:
Jean-Paul Sartre was one of the most important philosophers of the twentieth century. His influence extends beyond academic philosophy to areas as diverse as anti-colonial movements, youth culture, literary criticism, and artistic developments around the world. Beginning with an introduction and biography of Jean-Paul Sartre by Matthew C. Eshleman, 42 chapters by a team of international contributors cover all the major aspects of Sartre’s thought in the following key areas:
- Sartre’s philosophical and historical context
- Sartre and phenomenology
- Sartre, existentialism, and ontology
- Sartre and ethics
- Sartre and political theory
- Aesthetics, literature, and biography
- Sartre’s engagements with other thinkers.
The Sartrean Mind is the most comprehensive collection on Sartre published to date. It is essential reading for students and researchers in philosophy, as well as for those in related disciplines where Sartre’s work has continuing importance, such as literature, French studies, and politics.
Carla Randall PhD, RN, CNE and Cynthia Randall DNP, RN, CNL
Attendees will view and participate in a simulated experience using Critical Incident Videos. Attendees will role-play possible outcomes and explore how the videos can assist to improve teaching practices of nurse educators. In debriefing, attendees will brainstorm ways to expand these ideas into their own teaching practice.
Travis Timmerman PhD and Yishai Cohen PhD
Virtue ethics is often understood as a rival to existing consequentialist, deontological, and contractualist views. But some have disputed the position that virtue ethics is a genuine normative ethical rival. This chapter aims to crystallize the nature of this dispute by providing criteria that determine the degree to which a normative ethical theory is complete, and then investigating virtue ethics through the lens of these criteria. In doing so, it’s argued that no existing account of virtue ethics is a complete normative ethical view that rivals existing consequentialist, deontological, and contractualist views. Moreover, it is argued that one of the most significant challenges facing virtue ethics consists in offering an account of the right-making features of actions, while remaining a distinctively virtue ethical view.
Ashley Towle PhD
This chapter examines the creation and use of Randolph Cemetery by African Americans in Columbia, South Carolina during Reconstruction and Jim Crow. Named after assassinated African-American state senator, Benjamin F. Randolph, the cemetery became an important memorial to the political advances black people made during Reconstruction and the violence they endured to achieve that progress. During Reconstruction African Americans used the cemetery to showcase their political power and to defy white Southerners’ violent intimidation. In the Jim Crow era, when white Southerners stripped African Americans of their voting rights, black people kept the memory of black political participation alive through memorial events they organized in the cemetery. Through funerals and burials, black leaders created new martyrs to racial equality, like fifteen-year-old Wade Haynes, who was executed by the state in 1893. Ultimately, this chapter contends that Randolph Cemetery demonstrates the significant role that death played in black community building, politics, and activism.
Christina Clamp, Eklou R. Amendah PhD, and Carole Coren
The story of shared services cooperatives is compelling for the breadth and depth of its utility across multiple sectors of the US economy. Shared services cooperatives are member associations formed to meet a variety of institutional needs for economies and efficiencies of scale through collaboration in areas such as purchasing, marketing, processing and distribution. They are organized and operate as for-profit or not-for-profit business entities and appear in a broad array of industry and public service sectors, providing a variety of benefits, services and opportunities today in rural, suburban and urban communities throughout the US. This qualitative study sets out to describe the ways in which shared services cooperatives are organized, who are the members, how shared services cooperatives benefit their members and why the members formed a cooperative as opposed to other forms of collaboration (joint ventures, subsidiaries or collaborative agreements). Shared services cooperatives in all the cases studied have led to long-term impacts in addressing organizational needs. All the cooperatives in this study have effectively served their members’ needs. Whether it was a cooperative designed to enhance competitiveness, or to lower risks, to acquire new sources of funding or to allow the cooperative members to scale up or sustain the organization, the story has been the same. The shared services cooperative works very well as a way to meet these varied needs.
Jennifer Monroe McCutchen PhD
Brendan McQuade PhD
The United States has poured over a billion dollars into a network of interagency intelligence centers called “fusion centers.” These centers were ostensibly set up to prevent terrorism, but politicians, the press, and policy advocates have criticized them for failing on this account. So why do these security systems persist? Pacifying the Homeland travels inside the secret world of intelligence fusion, looks beyond the apparent failure of fusion centers, and reveals a broader shift away from mass incarceration and toward a more surveillance- and police-intensive system of social regulation.
Provided with unprecedented access to domestic intelligence centers, Brendan McQuade uncovers how the institutionalization of intelligence fusion enables decarceration without fully addressing the underlying social problems at the root of mass incarceration. The result is a startling analysis that contributes to the debates on surveillance, mass incarceration, and policing and challenges readers to see surveillance, policing, mass incarceration, and the security state in an entirely new light.
Daniel M. Martinez PhD, Ben W. Ebenhack, and Travis P. Wagner PhD
Energy Efficiency: Concepts and Calculations is the first book of its kind to provide an applied, systems oriented description of energy intensity and efficiency in modern economies across the entire energy chain. With an emphasis on analysis, specifically energy flow analysis, lifecycle energy accounting, economic analysis, technology evaluation, and policies/strategies for adopting high energy efficiency standards, the book provides a comprehensive understanding of the concepts, tools and methodologies for studying and modeling macro-level energy flows through, and within, key economic sectors (electric power, industrial, commercial, residential and transportation).
Providing a technical discussion of the application of common methodologies (e.g. cost-benefit analysis and lifecycle assessment), each chapter contains figures, charts and examples from each sector, including the policies that have been put in place to promote and incentivize the adoption of energy efficient technologies.
Yishai Cohen PhD and Travis Timmerman PhD
Matthew H. Edney PhD
Over the past four decades, the volumes published in the landmark History of Cartography series have both chronicled and encouraged scholarship about maps and mapping practices across time and space. As the current director of the project that has produced these volumes, Matthew H. Edney has a unique vantage point for understanding what “cartography” has come to mean and include.
In this book Edney disavows the term cartography, rejecting the notion that maps represent an undifferentiated category of objects for study. Rather than treating maps as a single, unified group, he argues, scholars need to take a processual approach that examines specific types of maps—sea charts versus thematic maps, for example—in the context of the unique circumstances of their production, circulation, and consumption. To illuminate this bold argument, Edney chronicles precisely how the ideal of cartography that has developed in the West since 1800 has gone astray. By exposing the flaws in this ideal, his book challenges everyone who studies maps and mapping practices to reexamine their approach to the topic. The study of cartography will never be the same.
Robert B. Louden PhD
Chapter in Kant and the Scottish Enlightenment, edited by Elizabeth Robinson, Chris W. Surprenant.
BOOK DESCRIPTION: Most academic philosophers and intellectual historians are familiar with the major historical figures and intellectual movements coming out of Scotland in the 18th Century. These scholars are also familiar with the works of Immanuel Kant and his influence on Western thought. But with the exception of discussion examining David Hume’s influence on Kant’s epistemology, metaphysics, and moral theory, little attention has been paid to the influence of the Scottish Enlightenment thinkers on Kant’s philosophy. This volume aims to fill this perceived gap in the literature and provide a starting point for future discussions looking at the influence of Hume, Thomas Reid, Adam Smith, and other Scottish Enlightenment thinkers on Kant’s philosophy.
Robert B. Louden PhD
Chapter in Natur und Freiheit Akten des XII. Internationalen Kant-Kongresses, edited by: Violetta L. Waibel, Margit Ruffing and David Wagner
BOOK DESCRIPTION: This volume collects the plenary, main and session lectures of the 12th International Kant Congress “Nature and Freedom” at the University of Vienna from September 21 to 25, 2015. The congress took into account two fundamental concepts of Kant’s Critical Works: “Nature” and “Freedom”. The international discussion of Kant’s philosophy nowadays is reflected in the broad range of attendees and their manifold contributions.
Jamie Pratt Psy.D, Garry Wickerd PhD, and Mark W. Steege
Chapter 5 in Behavioral Interventions in Schools: Evidence-Based Positive Strategies, Second Edition.
Without effective behavior management, a positive and productive classroom environment is impossible. And while 50 years of scientific research supports the efficacy of behavioral interventions in the classroom, school psychologists and teachers are often unaware of these interventions or how to apply them. In this new edition of a landmark volume, Steven G. Little and Angeleque Akin-Little present a three-pronged approach to strengthening educators' understanding of the behavioral model. Contributors first describe the research foundations of behavioral interventions — a necessary understanding for these strategies to be implemented effectively and with integrity. Next, recognizing the rise in diagnoses of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), new chapters describe screening and diagnosis of ASD, discrete trial training, pivotal response training, verbal behavior interventions, and structured teaching approaches. Authors also explain how to use cognitive behavior therapy interventions with children and families to treat a variety of symptoms and behaviors. This book will provide school psychologists, counselors, social workers, school administrators, and teachers with the intervention and prevention strategies they need to succeed in today's classroom.
T Sirota and Brenda Petersen PhD, MSN, RN, APRN-BC, CPNP-PC
Chapter 18 in Nursing Deans on Leading, edited by Joanne Robinson PhD, RN, FAAN; Carole Kenner PhD, NNP, FAAN; and Jana L. Pressler PhD, RN.
Learn leadership skills from experienced deans!
The first resource written specifically for novice and aspiring deans and directors of nursing education, this engaging guide shares practical advice, wisdom, and insight from experienced academic leaders. These insights will help nurses who are new to academic leadership positions. Within its pages, experienced deans share their wisdom on how a new dean or director can succeed in a leadership position.
With an emphasis on acquiring critical knowledge and essential skills, this book describes the parameters of the nursing dean or director role, practical strategies for resolving day-to-day issues, everything from student success to budget and fiscal health, and how to practice self-care while constantly tackling the challenges of these roles. Seventeen academic nursing leaders from across the United States deliver fundamental guidance to help readers determine how to navigate the multifaceted opportunities and challenges of deaning and directing.
- Key Features:
- Written in an accessible, engaging style for novice and aspiring academic nursing leaders
- Everyday strategies for dealing with routine issues
- Addresses the need for self-care and how to manage the stress and complexities of the leadership role
- Abundant real-world case studies and best practices
- Online resources for further study
Mark W. Steege PhD, Jamie Pratt Psy.D, Garry Wickerd PhD, Richard Guare, and T Steuart Watson
Widely recognized as a gold-standard resource, this authoritative book has been revised and expanded with 50% new material. It provides a complete introduction to functional behavioral assessment (FBA), complete with procedures, forms, and tools that have been piloted and refined in both general and special education settings. Numerous vivid examples illustrate how to use the authors' behavior-analytic problem-solving model (BAPS) to synthesize assessment results and guide the design of individually tailored interventions. Practitioners and students enjoy the engaging, conversational tone. In a large-size format with lay-flat binding for easy photocopying, the book includes 17 reproducible checklists and forms. Purchasers get access to a companion Web page where they can download and print the reproducible materials. New to This Edition Revised BAPS model reflects the latest research and offers a more comprehensive approach to FBA. Chapters on professional and ethical standards; analyzing how biological/medical conditions, thoughts, and emotions influence behavior; and analyzing how executive skills deficits influence behavior. Chapters on testing hypotheses about the functions of problem behavior; testing reinforcer effectiveness; and evaluating function-based interventions. Chapter providing applied learning experiences for professionals and students. Most of the reproducible tools are new or revised.
Travis P. Wagner PhD
Chapter from "Encyclopedia of Food Security and Sustainability, Volume 2", edited by Pasquale Ferranti, Elliot M. Berry, and Jock R. Anderson.
Plastics are the dominant material for food and beverage containers and packaging. As a waste, the majority of plastics are landfilled, incinerated, or become litter; only 9% of all plastics are recycled. In addition to the low recycling rate, which is not sustainable, the increasing buildup of plastics in the environment, especially in the oceans, has made plastics a global concern. In the marine environment, plastics breakdown to microplastics, which negatively impact marine organisms through accidental and intentional ingestion. Most efforts to address plastic waste have been undertaken by local governments, but increasingly, national and state-level governments are seeking to shift the environmental responsibility of plastic waste back onto the producers as a means to reduce plastic waste.
Joseph C. Hill, Diane C. Lillo-Martin, and Sandra K. Wood PhD
Sign Languages: Structures and Contexts provides a succinct summary of major findings in the linguistic study of natural sign languages. Focusing on American Sign Language (ASL), this book:
- offers a comprehensive introduction to the basic grammatical components of phonology, morphology, and syntax with examples and illustrations;
- demonstrates how sign languages are acquired by Deaf children with varying degrees of input during early development, including no input where children create a language of their own;
- discusses the contexts of sign languages, including how different varieties are formed and used, attitudes towards sign languages, and how language planning affects language use;
- is accompanied by e-resources, which host links to video clips.
Offering an engaging and accessible introduction to sign languages, this book is essential reading for students studying this topic for the first time with little or no background in linguistics.
Costs of Corporate Conscience: How Women, Queers, and People of Color Are Paying for Hobby Lobby’s Sincerely-Held Beliefs
Megan Goodwin PhD
Chapter from Religion in the Age of Obama, edited by Juan Marcial Floyd-Thomas and Anthony Pinn.
About the book:
This is the first book to focus on the significance of religion during President Obama's years in the White House. Addressing issues ranging from identity politics, immigration, income inequality, Islamophobia and international affairs, Religion in the Age of Obama explores the religious and moral underpinnings of the Obama presidency and subsequent debates regarding his tenure in the White House. It provides an analysis of Obama's beliefs and their relationship to his vision of public life, as well as the way in which the general ethos of religion and non-religion has shifted over the past decade in the United States under his presidency.
Topics include how Obama has employed religious rhetoric in response to both international and domestic events, his attempt to inhabit a kind of Blackness that comforts and reassures rather than challenges White America, the limits of Christian hospitality within U.S. immigration policy and the racialization of Islam in the U.S. national imagination.
Religion in the Age of Obama shows that the years of the Obama presidency served as a watershed moment of significant reorganization of the role of religion in national public life. It is a timely contribution to debates on religion, race and public life in the United States.