Evidence-Based Falls Prevention in CAHs (Policy Brief #24)
falls, CAHs, evidence-based, quality improvement, patient safety, hospitals, rural, MRHRC, USM Aging Initiative, Health and Wellness, Policy
Inpatient falls are a serious patient safety problem in Critical Access Hospitals (CAHs). Injuries from falls are also costly -- it is estimated that patients injured in a fall sustain upwards of 60% higher total charges than other hospitalized patients. This brief is one in a series of policy briefs identifying and assessing evidence-based patient safety and quality improvement interventions appropriate for use by state Flex Programs and CAHs.
- Hospital falls are a serious patient safety problem, accounting for nearly 84% of all inpatient incidents. Most falls commonly occur as a result of medication related issues, toileting needs, and hospital environmental conditions.
- Effective falls interventions target both intrinsic (e.g. physiologic) and extrinsic (e.g. environmental) risk factors.
- Effective falls prevention teams are interdisciplinary and are embedded in a culture of patient safety.
- Education for and communication across all staff contributes to successful falls prevention programs.
Pearson, K. B., & Coburn, A. F. (2011). Evidence-based falls prevention in critical access hospitals. (Policy Brief #24). Portland, ME: Flex Monitoring Team.