Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Public Policy and Management (PPM)


Community Planning and Development

First Advisor

Michel Lahti


antidiscrimination, school boards, civil rights, compliance, Muskie School of Public Service


Since the passage of the antidiscrimination law LD 1196 in 2005, Maine schools have been encouraged to utilize new language outlined in the law which protects gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender students from discrimination. This study evaluated antidiscrimination language in a sample of Maine’s school administrative unit policies and individual school handbook policies to determine to what extent LD 1196’s protections were incorporated to the policies. The evaluation found that school administrative units were much more likely than individual schools to have antidiscrimination policies with the protections outlined in LD 1196. Many administrative unit and school policies lack language protecting students experiencing discrimination based on gender identity and expression.



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