Reduced Availability of Sugar-sweetened Beverages and Diet Soda has a Limited Impact on Beverage Consumption Patterns in Maine High School Youth

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Adolescent, Analysis of Variance, Beverages, Carbonated Beverages, Diet Surveys, Dietary Sucrose, Female, Food Dispensers, Automatic, Humans, Male, Overweight, Prospective Studies, Schools, Self Disclosure, Surveys and Questionnaires, Sweetening Agents, United States

Publication Title

Journal of nutrition education and behavior


OBJECTIVE: To examine change in high school students' beverage consumption patterns pre- and post-intervention of reduced availability of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) and diet soda in school food venues.

DESIGN: A prospective, quasi-experimental, nonrandomized study design.

SETTING: Public high schools.

PARTICIPANTS: A convenience sample from control (n = 221) and intervention (n = 235) high schools.

INTERVENTION: Schools aimed to reduce (n = 4) or not change (n = 3) availability of SSB and diet soda in food venues for 1 school year.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Subjects' beverage servings/day was determined from a food frequency questionnaire pre- and post-intervention.

ANALYSIS: Two-by-two mixed analysis of variance model compared pre- to post-intervention servings/day between control and intervention subjects, stratified by gender.

RESULTS: Consumption of SSB decreased in both intervention and control boys (F = 53.69, P < .05) and girls (F = 22.87, P < .05). Intervention girls decreased diet soda consumption as compared to control girls (F = 6.57, P < .05).

CONCLUSION AND IMPLICATIONS: Reducing availability of SSB in schools did not result in a greater decrease in SSB consumption by intervention as compared to control subjects. The impact of reducing availability of SSB at school may be limited. A better understanding of beverage consumption patterns may be needed to determine the efficacy of school food policies on those youth susceptible to obesity.


Whatley Blum, J. E., Davee, A.-M., Beaudoin, C. M., Jenkins, P. L., Kaley, L. A., & Wigand, D. A. (2008). Reduced availability of sugar-sweetened beverages and diet soda has a limited impact on beverage consumption patterns in Maine high school. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, 40(6), 341-347.

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