Replacement of zebra mussels by quagga mussels in the Canadian nearshore of Lake Ontario: distribution and correlations with substrate, round goby abundance and upwelling frequency
Journal of Great Lakes Research
We surveyed 27 5-m sites and 25 20-m sites in late August 2003. Quagga mussels dominated all sites (mean: 9,404/m2; range 31–24,270), having almost completely replaced zebra mussels. Round gobies (Neogobius melanostomus) were associated with quagga populations dominated by large mussels.
Wilson, K. A., Howell, E. T., & Jackson, D. A. (2006). Replacement of Zebra Mussels by Quagga Mussels in the Canadian Nearshore of Lake Ontario: The Importance of Substrate, Round Goby Abundance, and Upwelling Frequency. Journal of Great Lakes Research, 32(1), 11-28. doi:10.3394/0380-1330(2006)32[11:rozmbq]2.0.co;2