Publication Date


Place of Publication

University of Southern Maine


grades 3-8, NECAP test scores

Document Type



The goal of this research was to determine if there are statistically significant differences in learning between different categories of students apart from the influences of school. The foundational assumption is that student academic achievement is a product of both in-school and out-of-school factors. While there are many breaks from schooling during the calendar year, the largest by far is the summer recess. This study examined student achievement data measured at the end of one school year and then again at the beginning of the next school year. The study took advantage of the natural experiment that arose when the State of Maine changed from assessing students’ progress toward meeting the standards of the MLR from the spring administered MEA to the fall administered NECAP.