Spring 2019

Document Type

Poster Session




Lucille Benedict PhD

Second Advisor

Meg Hausman PhD

Third Advisor

Zach Bodah


brewing, beer, flavor, chemistry


Unexpected tastes can negatively impact consumer experience in the beer industry. One such taste, a ‘mousy’ off-flavor, is diminishing the quality of sour and wild beers throughout the brewing community. The unpleasant flavor is a result of the combined presence of three organic compounds: 6-acetyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyridine (ATHP), 2-acetyl-1-pyrroline, and 2-ethyl-3,4,5,6-tetrahydropyridine. Because of its unpredictable nature, brewers must wait for the compound to disappear before distribution, costing them valuable time and revenue. The factors responsible for formation, reasons for persistence, and degradation timelines of the compounds were unknown. A method for quantification was therefore necessary to determine those characteristics, and such quantification depended upon the availability of a pure standard. In response, synthesis protocols, a GC-MS method for qualification, and a method for extraction from beer were developed for ATHP. ATHP was synthesized via a mechanism by which dihydroxyacetone reacts with proline in the presence of sodium bisulfite. The product was synthesized in low yields, so different routes of synthesis were attempted. ATHP product was highly impure as evidenced by GC-MS, so various purification techniques were employed. Extraction protocols were developed on basic profile beers that were spiked with product and progressed to naturally ‘mousy’, complex beers. The ATHP component of the uncontrolled ‘mousy’ off-flavor in was synthesized, identified, and purified.

Start Date

4-19-2019 10:30 AM

Included in

Chemistry Commons



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.