Across New England communities have been experiencing a rapid outward surge of development away from our community and downtown centers. Effects of sprawl include a loss of wildlife habitat, farm and timber lands; increased costs of community services and higher taxes; auto-dependency, longer commutes, and increased congestion; increases in air and water pollution; a sedentary lifestyle and increased obesity; and losses to one’s sense of place and social ties.
State-level responses to sprawl have surfaced throughout New England in recent years. This report describes 11 examples of these responses, representing all six New England states and a diversity of recent program types. Each summary includes information about program history, structure and implementation, status, potential for transferability to other states, and program resources. It is our hope that the report will serve as a useful reference work for other efforts to address sprawl in New England.
New England Environmental Finance Center, "Policy Tools for Smart Growth In New England" (2006). Smart Growth. 3.
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