This study focused on understanding the diversity of ways individuals and families have experienced homelessness in Hawai‘i. Understanding this diversity can help target solutions and better address the range of service needs (Jahiel & Babor, 2007). Several research studies over the past two and a half decades have examined diversity in homeless populations by categorizing them into groups or types (e.g., Aubry, Klodawsky, & Coulombe, 2012; Bonin, Fournier, & Blais, 2009; Solarz & Bogat, 1990). One early study by Kuhn and Culhane (1998) is perhaps the most famous and applied typology of homelessness, classifying homeless individuals based on their shelter usage patterns. They found that 80% of shelter users were “transitional” in that they had very short shelter stays. The remaining shelter users had more complicated service patterns, with 10% hopping in and out of shelters (episodic) and another 10% with chronic, more longterm, shelter use.
Gleason, K., Baker, C., & Barile, J. (2016). Exploring differing experiences of homelessness in Hawai‘i: Extended executive summary. Honolulu, HI: University of Hawai‘i.