The Order and Connection of Ideology is the same as the Order and Connection of Exploitation: Or, Towards a Bestiary of the Capitalist Imagination

Document Type


Publication Date

Spring 2015

Publication Title

Philosophy Today


The turn to Spinoza by many Marxists combines the classic problem of Marxism, that of base and superstructure, economy and ideology, with Spinoza’s challenging assertion of the identity of order of connection of ideas and things. This paper looks at two contemporary neo-Spinozists, Frédéric Lordon and Yves Citton, examining the ways in which their works intertwine economy and ideology, desire and imagination. The point, however, is not to just read Marx with Spinoza, but to use both together to make sense of the imaginary and affective dimension of changes within the economy.