Municipal Stormwater Management in Northern New England: A Comparative Study of Leading Programs
The passage of the Clean Water Act (CWA) in 1972 resulted in significant improvements to the Nation’s water quality. However, despite considerable time, effort and expense approximately 40% of water bodies in the U.S. are still impaired by pollution and fail to meet water quality standards (NRC, 2008). One of the most significant sources of this impairment is stormwater runoff from municipal separate storm sewer systems (MS4s). Consequently, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) established additional standards under the Clean Water Act that specifically target stormwater pollution from MS4s.