Pregnancy Loss History at First Parity and Selected Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes
Annals of Epidemiology
Low birthweight, Miscarriage, Pregnancy loss, Preterm birth
PURPOSE: To evaluate the association between pregnancy loss history and adverse pregnancy outcomes. METHODS: Pregnancy history was captured during a computer-assisted personal interview for 21,277 women surveyed in the National Survey of Family Growth (1995-2013). History of pregnancy loss (<20 weeks) at first parity was categorized in three ways: number of losses, maximum gestational age of loss(es), and recency of last pregnancy loss. We estimated risk ratios for a composite measure of selected adverse pregnancy outcomes (preterm, stillbirth, or low birthweight) at first parity and in any future pregnancy, separately, using predicted margins from adjusted logistic regression models. RESULTS: At first parity, compared with having no loss, having 3+ previous pregnancy losses (adjusted risk ratio (aRR) = 1.66 [95% CI = 1.13, 2.43]), a maximum gestational age of loss(es) at ≥10 weeks (aRR = 1.28 [1.04, 1.56]) or having experienced a loss 24+ months ago (aRR = 1.36 [1.10, 1.68]) were associated with increased risks of adverse pregnancy outcomes. For future pregnancies, only having a history of 3+ previous pregnancy losses at first parity was associated with increased risks (aRR = 1.97 [1.08, 3.60]). CONCLUSION: Number, gestational age, and recency of pregnancy loss at first parity were associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes in U.S. women.
Ahrens, K.A., Rossen, L.M., & Branum, A.M. (2016). Pregnancy loss history at first parity and risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes. Annals of Epidemiology, 26(7), 474-481.