Date of Award


Document Type

Open Access Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy in Public Policy


Muskie School of Public Service

First Advisor

Richard Barringer

Second Advisor

Jack Kartez

Third Advisor

Charles S. Colgan


Clean water act, national environmental policy instument, best management practices


This research investigates the participation of marinas in the New England region of the United States, and in the Netherlands in environment self-regulation , while examining specific sources of influence on the decision to self-regulate. Environmental agencies in both countries have implemented industry specific self-regulatory programs, the Clean Marina Program, and the Blue Flag Program, to encourage marinas to implement best management practices, and reduce the environmental impacts of nonpoint source pollution.While traditional economic theory asserts that taking on environmental responsibilities beyond those required by law will jeopardize a business' economic performance, many small businesses have chosen to self-regulate.