MRHRC, EMS, rural, ambulance, maps, ambulance desert
Emergency Medical Services
This chartbook begins with a broad overview of ambulance services including common types of organizational structure(s) and workforce and reimbursement issues. The methods section provides our definition of ambulance deserts and describes how ambulance deserts are illustrated in the national and state maps. The results section begins with an overall description of the prevalence of ambulance deserts in rural and urban counties across the 41 states for which data were available at the time, and the variation in the percent of people living in ambulance deserts across the four census regions. States are ranked in terms of the percent of counties in each state with ambulance deserts, the number of ambulance stations per 100,000 residents, and the number and percent of people living in ambulance deserts. National level maps illustrating the number and percent of people living in ambulance deserts at the county level are presented overall, as well as by rural and urban counties. State level maps illustrating the location of ambulance stations, health care facilities, and ambulance deserts at the census block level are presented in Appendix A. Finally, the discussion and conclusions section summarizes the findings and sets the stage for future analyses of populations most at risk for adverse health outcomes associated with poor access to ambulance services.
For more information, please contact Dr. Yvonne Jonk, firstname.lastname@example.org
Federal Office of Rural Health Policy (FORHP), Health Resources and Services Administration
Jonk, Y., Milkowski, C., Croll, Z., & Pearson, K. (2023). Ambulance Deserts: Geographic Disparities in the Provision of Ambulance Services [Chartbook]. University of Southern Maine, Muskie School, Maine Rural Health Research Center.
This work was supported by the Federal Office of Rural Health Policy (FORHP), Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA), Grant CA#U1CRH03716, Rural Health Research Center Cooperative Agreement to the Maine Rural Health Research Center. The information, conclusions and opinions expressed are those of the authors and no endorsement by FORHP, HRSA, or HHS is intended or should be inferred.