Date of Award
Master of Public Health (MPH)
Erika Ziller, Ph.D.
Angela Daley, Ph.D.
food insecurity, Medicaid, Affordable Health Care Act, ACA, Muskie School of Public Service
Many Americans face difficult financial decisions, often regarding the allocation of limited resources. Household resources may be split among the costs of food, clothing, housing, transportation, childcare, utilities, and health care. For some households, this allocation may present a challenge to purchasing sufficient food, leading to food insecurity. Defined by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) as “a household-level economic and social condition of limited or uncertain access to adequate food” (2017), food insecurity may decrease when other financial-related aspects of life improve. An improvement in access to affordable health care, as seen through the recent Medicaid expansion under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA), may lead to a reduction in food insecurity.
Moran, Mary, "The Affordable Care Act’s Medicaid Expansion and Food Insecurity Rates" (2018). Muskie School Capstones. 136.